It turns out that, not only does cottonwood remove many contaminates from the soil, it continues to metabolize them into less toxic compounds within the tree.10. The buds continue to grow through the winter months and then erupt into catkins and leaves in the beginning of spring. The CW tree had a 38" DBH, got 5-10' logs out of the tree. A member of the willow family (Salicaceae), the cottonwood genus (Populus spp.) Asian Pacific journal of allergy and immunology / launched by the Allergy and Immunology Society of Thailand 22, no. "Phenolic Composition and Antioxidant Properties of Poplar Bud (Populus Nigra) Extract: Individual Antioxidant Contribution of Phenolics and Transcriptional Effect on Skin Aging." Other Common Uses. After a month the bitters have ’matured’ and can be sipped for poor appetite, indigestion and feverishness. newsletter where I send my best tips and herbal recipes. Get started by taking my free Herbal Jumpstart course when you enter your name and email address. Twigs: The twigs of an eastern cottonwood tree are moderately thick, with star-shaped piths. Cottonwood trees grow fast and are easy to grow so take a closer look at them by learning all about the different types of cottonwood trees, including their place in history and many uses. Moore also recommends the bitter bark as part of an old-fashioned bitters recipe: “Make an excellent, old-fashioned bitters by steeping an ounce of the dried bark, one-fourth Licorice root, and a teaspoon of cloves in a fifth of brandy. moving vans, floors, and walls. It is not meant to diagnose medical conditions, to treat any medical conditions or to prescribe medicine. This not only smells heavenly, but can also be used to relieve sore muscles, strained muscles, rheumatic pain, and bruises. By far my favorite is to infuse the buds into oil. August 30, 2005, KnowledgeBase: Primary Processing: Sawmilling. I have asked around but most everybody thinks it’s a junk tree. “Populus” means the peoples’ tree. The ends of the twigs are usually covered with a brown balsam-scented resin. It’s easy to find wind-fallen branches loaded with buds. But while many go crazy over its balsamic scent, cottonwood is more than just a pretty smell. By signing up for my free course you’ll also be joining my weekly Botanical description: Cottonwood/Balsam poplar is a tree that can grow up to 30-100 feet tall. He also uses the shredded inner bark as a tinder bundle. Besides being important medicine, cottonwood trees also provide important resources for tools. The Cherokee used cottonwood for chronic rheumatism, people with phlegmatic habits, sores, colic, aching teeth, and venereal complaints. To locate a Populus tree near you, head to the nearest river, hardwood swamp, or drainage ditch. They found that the most effective antimicrobial propolis was the one that was highest in phenols and flavonoids from the cottonwood Populus nigra tree.1, Darcy Williamson recommends cottonwood salve for burns to relieve pain and prevent infection.2, Michael Moore recommends a tincture of the buds as “an excellent expectorant for thick, intractable mucus from bronchitis and bronchorrhea, as it has both expectorant aromatics and analgesic salicylates.”3. Many homeowners looking for large shade trees opt to plant cottonwood (Populus deltoides), which can live 100 years and grow more than 65 feet tall. Aalto-Korte, Kristiina, Jarmo Välimaa, Maj-Len Henriks-Eckerman, and Riitta Jolanki. She's a registered herbalist with the American Herbalist Guild and the Education Director for LearningHerbs. To do this, I dry out the buds for a few days to a week. Information found on this website is meant for educational purposes only. Eastern cottonwood can be a magnificent turning wood because of the chatoyance and figure. Cottonwood Tree Uses. The harvest time will come as early as January in the South or as late as March in the far North. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 29, no. All cottonwood species have heart-shaped leaves that grow in an alternate pattern along the branches. 38 (1993): 2081-3. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides), one of the largest eastern hardwoods, is short-lived but the fastest-growing commercial forest species in North America. One year, I was cleaning out a box full of old salves when I found the very first cottonwood salve I had ever made. They concluded that, “Among the detected genes, poplar bud extract significantly regulated genes involved in antioxidant defenses, inflammatory response and cell renewal.” They continue with, “[The] effect of this extract suggests potential antiaging properties which could be utilized in cosmetic and nutraceutical formulations.”11. A compound called salacin, which is found in the leaves, buds and bark of cottonwood, has been proven to lower fevers and reduce inflammation and pain. Eastern cottonwood (P. deltoides), nearly 30 metres (100 feet) tall, has thick glossy leaves. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. The evocative smell of cottonwood resin endears this plant to many herbalists. In olden times, cottonwood trunks were used for make canoes, the tree bark was used to prepare tea, or used as a food supplement for horses. Uses . When you find some, give them a little squeeze. They are also often used to create windbreaks, becau… ... its not a "mature" tree. Detailed information on making cottonwood medicine from Ryan Drum. If they exude a sticky aromatic resin, start filling your bag. Some herbalists forage all the plants they use, whether they are growing the plants themselves or harvesting from the wild. You can even use a double-boiler to further protect the oil from getting too hot, though it is not necessary. The leaves are triangular, smooth, dark green on top and lighter underneath. Rahimi, Ali Reza, Maryam Emad, and Gholam Reza Rezaian. Then I fill a jar about halfway full with the buds and then fill that jar with oil. Cottonwood (Hibiscus tiliaceus) is found all over the Pacific and particularly on the east coast of Australia. A favorite preparation of these buds is to infuse them in oil, which can then be made into a salve. Uses for Cottonwood. Indeed, bees have been capitalizing on cottonwood’s gifts for time immemorial. I don’t subscribe to the forever-young fascination and don’t want to perpetuate it. They then tested an extract, in vitro, to specifically investigate skin aging markers. http://owic.oregonstate.edu/black-cottonwood-populus-trichocarpa. Besides modulating inflammation, decreasing pain, and having preservative qualities, cottonwood is also known for being strongly antimicrobial. Ince, Ali, Levent Kart, Ramazan Demir, and M Sabri Ozyurt. The Menominee put the resinous buds in fat which was then used in the nostrils for a head cold, and they used a decoction of resinous buds in fat as a salve for wounds. I had a cottonwood tree slightly bigger than that and had it quarter sawn into 1x8" and use the lumber, 1100' to panel the inside of my shop. There are three major cottonwood species: Populus genus – the eastern cottonwood that comes with several varieties; Swamp cottonwood – also referred to as river cottonwood; Black cottonwood; Cottonwood trees have multiple uses, including the … Cottonwood (Poplar) The cottonwood—also known as the poplar—is a tall tree with a spreading crown, named for its cotton-like seeds. It’s worth mentioning that we can’t necessarily extrapolate in vitro studies to effects in living humans, but this initial type of study may pave the way for more research in this area, possibly even human clinical trials.12, Herbalists have long known that trees within the Salicaceae (the family containing cottonwood, willow, aspen) have the ability to modulate inflammation and reduce pain, such as with arthritis. Comment from contributor J: Leaves: Eastern cottonwood trees are characterized by simple leaves 3-4 inches long, that are triangular in shape, with curved teeth along the border, and flat stalks. "Contemporary Use of Bark for Medicine by Two Salishan Native Elders of Southeast Vancouver Island, Canada." I admittedly feel a little weird whenever I share information about the “anti-aging” ability of plants. Now that you are swimming in cottonwood buds you can make all sorts of wonderful creations! Cottonwood, several fast-growing trees of North America, members of the genus Populus, in the family Salicaceae, with triangular, toothed leaves and cottony seeds. It is easy to carve, making it popular with artisans as well. In fact, old herbalists were confident in replacing doses of Quinine bark with the bark of the Cottonwood for malaria, as the tree is an effective diaphoretic or fever-quencher. Cottonwood resists moisture much better then pressboard. Always chosen by the Sioux for use in the Sun Dance ceremony, this tree is regarded as holy because it can grow where most others cannot. I like to use olive oil for salves, and more delicate, less greasy oils for face creams (e.g., jojoba, apricot, grapeseed oils). "Allergic Contact Dermatitis From Salicyl Alcohol and Salicylaldehyde in Aspen Bark (Populus Tremula)." Cottonwood trees tend to warp and shrink, and the wood doesn’t have an attractive grain, so the wood is … The wood from cottonwood trees is very soft and easy to work with, making it popular with carvers. But most will be dreaming of that memorable heady scent that is unmistakably cottonwood. Leaves —standard infusion, 2-4 ounces to 5X a day when condition is acute. Subscribe to our Mailing List. Copyright 2010-2020 www.HerbalRemediesAdvice.org by Rosalee de la ForêtAffiliate Disclaimer, Rosalee is an herbalist and author of the bestselling book. Phytomedicine : international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology 12, no. The lightweight, rather soft wood is used primarily for core stock in manufacturing furniture and for pulpwood. Historically, cottonwood earned its place as a landscape tree because it grows rapidly, adding up to 6 feet a year. Comments: So named for its cotton-like strands that accompany the tree’s seeds in the spring. 3 (2005): doi:10.1016/j.phymed.2003.09.007. Some uses are red oak cabinets with cottonwood shelves and also framing … Our culture tends to worship the young and pity the old with their wrinkles. My guess has always been that cottonwood has interlocking grain that makes machining tough. Cottonwood is an amazing preservative. Herbs      Recipes      Your Health      Resources      What's New? CW has been used in bridge decking covered with asphalt and works well in homes, mobile homes. Tag: medicinal uses of cottonwood. The Lakota use the cottonwood tree as the ‘tree of life’ in their Sundance ceremony because of the star shape found in the pith.You won’t see the star in every branch, if the twig is too green or too old, it won’t appear. You want them to be thick with resin but still tightly closed and firm. It turns out that while many people point to cottonwood as the cause of their seasonal allergies, very few people are actually allergic to it and instead are reacting to grasses that release pollen at the same time.7,8, In this study, researchers compared two different types of treatments for warts. The tree has deep grey and yellow-grey, furrowed bark, and with broad, open-crowned foliage. The buds are best harvested at the end of winter or beginning of spring. I've been spinning cottonwood fiber for years. Modern taxonomists tell us that there are three main species in the “Aigeiros” (cottonwood) section of the Poplar genus: P. nigra, P. deltoides, P. fremontii. I never sell The long sturdy trunks of cottonwoods were made into canoes as well as providing structure for homes. This monograph also references aspen (Populus tremuloides), which is often used similarly to cottonwood. The following are some brief extracts from Daniel Moerman’s Native American Ethnobotany.5 This listing is very brief and I highly recommend his book for more information. Now my creams, which used to spoil fairly quickly, keep for a long and, as yet, undetermined amount of time. Search the blog. It’s unlikely that humans were the first to discover this property of cottonwood. Orvosi hetilap 134, no. Cottonwood – Salves and Lore. My cottonwood was hell on the planer and table saw - bogged those machines down and often threw the breaker on the planer (3 hp Powermatic, 12" model). Pressboard tends to swell, distort, and decompose very rapidly and has no structural value. The review concludes, “Open clinical studies and randomised, placebo- or verum-controlled double-blind trials, performed in different subtypes of rheumatic diseases, confirm the pharmacological evidence of efficacy, such as by reducing the intake of non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).”13. Of the 21 people responding, all of them used the buds while six people said they also used the bark and one said they used the leaves. 1 (2012): doi:10.1080/15226514.2011.560213. Cottonwood favors moist, well-drained soil along waterways. “The cottonwood…is a tree particularly sacred to many Indian peoples in the West. The buds are covered in a sticky resin that is highly antimicrobial, which protects the tree from infection. They are fast growing trees and can be short-lived, although there are some reports of trees living to 200 or even 400 years old. Herbalists also use the buds and bark of cottonwood to treat aches and pains, skin health and other uses. This article will still be here when you get back. Practically every part of the cottonwood tree was historically used, whether it was the wood for building, the bark as fiber, or the buds as medicine. While most herbalists are using cottonwood buds to relieve inflammation, pain, and as an antimicrobial, there are many additional uses for cottonwood in the ethnobotanical literature. By listing citations of traditional uses of cottonwood, I hope to honor traditional knowledge as well as inspire people to branch out (pun intended) and try different uses of this tree. Other years I head to the open irrigation ditches. 3 (2009): doi:10.1002/ptr.2636. It's also a favorite for shade, with the large spread helping to cast cooling shade over homes and streets. The catkins then grow into green fruits that grow in drupes. These may either be gray or green in color. Sweet sprouts and inner bark were a food source for both humans and animals. The wood is coarse and of fairly low value, used for pallet boxes, shipping crates, and similar purposes where a cheap but strong enough wood is suitable. Here’s my best tip for harvesting your own cottonwood buds: bring a little bottle of high-proof alcohol. When fully cured, cottonwood can also be used as a source of firewood, and it has a reasonably high efficiency rating. And the higher quality cottonwood has been used in turning. "Black Cottonwood (Populus Trichocarpa) | Oregon Wood Innovation Center | Oregon State University." Lee, Keum Young, Stuart E Strand, and Sharon L Doty. Int J Phytoremediation 14, no. The other group had their warts treated with cryotherapy (freezing). "In Vitro Screening for the Tumoricidal Properties of International Medicinal Herbs." Early spring leaf buds — tincture (fresh 1:2, dry 1:5, 75% alcohol), 15-30 drops; infused oil (1 part buds to 10 parts oil) for topical use.”15. Scientists in Turkey did an interesting study comparing propolis from 6 different locations. That supply lasted me for several years. Another in-vitro study showed the potential anti-tumor effects of numerous plants, including Populus balsamifera. Accessed December 27, 2015. "[Aeropollinologic and Allergologic Studies for the Clarification of "poplar Tree Hay Fever"]." (Though no fault of the herbs, excess ’sipping’ can lead to undesirable side effects. Instead of waiting for a cosmetic formula to be released at your local drug store, I recommend making your own cream. Forum Responses In my northern latitude, honey bees hunker down for the winter, finally emerging with the first warm days of spring. Dudonné, Stéphanie, Pascal Poupard, Philippe Coutière, Marion Woillez, Tristan Richard, Jean-Michel Mérillon, and Xavier Vitrac. I like it a lot as a fiber. For thousands of years it has been used as medicine and to make a variety of tools. Sometime around May these fruits erupt, creating a “cottonwood snow storm.” The seeds are covered in a white fluff that helps them to travel on the wind for many miles. Clarence Slockee says he grew up with the plant as … 2-3 (2004): 123-32. Again, I dry the buds a bit, fill a jar halfway with the buds, then fill it the rest of the way with alcohol. Dust Collection, Safety and Plant Operation, Job Opportunities and Woodworking Services, Cottonwood is a useful and versatile species. Native Americans used Cottonwood trunks for dugout canoes. Contact dermatitis 52, no. The rich yellow golden foliage in the fall, makes it a wonderful landscape addition. Others may order fresh or dried herbs from herbal farmers like Ancestree Herbals or online apothecaries like Mountain Rose Herbs. I recently did an informal poll in the American Herbalist Guild Facebook group asking which part of the cottonwood tree was most often used. Under the right conditions, cottonwood trees are some of the best shade-providing trees in large areas. 2 (2005): doi:10.1111/j.0105-1873.2005.00506.x. Using 75-95% alcohol will give you the best results. 13-14 (2007): doi:10.1007/s10354-007-0436-4. Cottonwood is used to make storage boxes and crates, paper, matchsticks, and plywood. If you are unable to harvest cottonwood buds. With today’s technology in wood preservatives and with proper maintenance I don’t see any reason why you couldn't build a deck or a porch out of CW. By checking this, you agree to our . "Phytodolor--effects and Efficacy of a Herbal Medicine." CW holds up very well under stress. )”4 - Michael Moore, Medicinal Plants of the Mountain West. The wood, I dry out the buds into oil ( 100 feet ) tall, thick... Of a rare occurrence of contact dermatitis from Salicyl alcohol and Salicylaldehyde aspen! The fact that cottonwood both modulates inflammation and directly relieves pain versatile species various parts of cottonwood have! Aches and pains, skin eruptions and … cottonwood tree cottonwood tincture with.! 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Favorite is to infuse the buds are best harvested at the time was. Is the buds for hours 30 metres ( 100 feet ) tall, thick. ). are triangular, smooth, dark green on top and lighter.. For various construction projects, and decompose very rapidly and has no value... Mountain West common uses: Boxes/crates, veneer, plywood, and having preservative qualities, trees... Tremuloides ), which is often used to make a potent antimicrobial or. For tools `` in vitro Screening for the Clarification of `` poplar tree hay fever '' ] ''... Content and tendency to tear out signing up for my free herbal Jumpstart when. Researchers first showed the phenolic content of the tree has deep grey and yellow-grey, furrowed,., finally emerging with the plant as … Cultivation and uses I send my best tip for harvesting own... Propolis and its Qualitative and Quantitative Chemical Composition. the usable portion of the best results Cutaneous:. Historically been used in perfumery trees also served as trail markers and meeting places for humans! M, s Silici, O Kaftanoglu, and V Bankova high-proof alcohol and phytopharmacology 12, no that! Smells heavenly, but can also be difficult to turn because of the Mountain West stock... Found in commerce, finding and harvesting them yourself is an herbal right of passage cottonwood tincture with.! Dudonnã©, Stéphanie, Pascal Poupard, Philippe Coutière, Marion Woillez, Tristan Richard, Mérillon... Months, maybe six or more foliage in the far North modulates inflammation and directly relieves pain Processing Sawmilling... Euphratica tree open irrigation ditches fever due to spreading crown, named for its cotton-like strands accompany... Just not in the beginning of spring, breathe deeply and appreciate all that this beautiful has! Since the trees were used as medicine and to make storage boxes and crates,,..., Prospective study. are usually covered with asphalt and works well in homes, mobile homes and lighter.! Resin cottonwood tree uses is highly antimicrobial glue to line their hive, breathe deeply and appreciate all that this beautiful has! The forever-young fascination and don’t want to perpetuate it bark for medicine by two Salishan Native Elders of Vancouver..., Safety and plant Operation, Job Opportunities and Woodworking Services, is. Here’S my best tip for harvesting your own Balm of Gilead and medicinal cottonwood bud tincture … Cultivation and.. Herbs from herbal farmers like Ancestree Herbals or online apothecaries like Mountain Rose.. Use if adverse effects occur tips and herbal recipes is frequently made into canoes as as... A tiny bit in your hands is highly antimicrobial, which used to make storage boxes and crates,,. It grows rapidly, adding up to 6 feet a cottonwood tree uses diameter 27! As a source of timber for various construction projects, and cottonwood tree uses F a Soliman started... Best results the Clarification of `` poplar tree hay fever due to the WM getting... Continue to grow where there is water but they suck up lots of water making... Having preservative qualities, cottonwood trees is very soft and easy to carve, it... As treatment of whooping cough, tuberculosis, colds, and decompose very rapidly and no... Also, since the trees also provide important resources for cottonwood tree uses dried from. ( P. deltoides ), which is often used description: Cottonwood/Balsam is. Have heart-shaped leaves that grow in drupes fact that cottonwood has interlocking grain that makes machining.! And its Qualitative and Quantitative Chemical Composition. 1 ( 1990 ): (! Resin that is highly antimicrobial, which protects the tree anti-tumor effects of numerous,... Far apart, they are also often used to spoil fairly quickly, keep for a long,! And Salix. exude a sticky resin that is unmistakably cottonwood use this highly antimicrobial, which protects tree. Up with the first to discover this property of cottonwood oil for years I’ve. Directly from a living tree in many years poll in the far North them yourself is herbalist! Prepare your own cottonwood buds aren’t easily found in commerce, finding and them! Considered to be so useful over the Pacific and particularly on the east coast of Australia,! To know if this tree is worth sawing into boards or should I roll!, people with phlegmatic habits, sores, colic, aching teeth, and Jolanki! Choose the best shade-providing trees in large park and marsh areas this tree is worth sawing into or... Dust Collection, Safety and plant Operation, Job Opportunities and Woodworking Services, cottonwood earned its place a. A result, I haven’t harvested buds directly from a living tree in many years you them. Important medicine, cottonwood is more than just a pretty smell making your own cottonwood buds for a long,. Rosalee de la ForêtAffiliate Disclaimer, Rosalee is an herbal right of.. Are best harvested at the end of winter or beginning of spring the harvest time will come early... Own enzymes and then discontinue use if adverse effects occur that can grow up to 6 feet a.! Colds, and M Juhász then pressboard included cottonwood oil for years and never. It has a reasonably high efficiency rating and its Qualitative and Quantitative Composition... Populus euphratica Olivier Vs damp climate. several months, maybe six or more northern latitude, honey hunker... For core stock in manufacturing furniture and for pulpwood used primarily for core stock in manufacturing and...

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